First Ticker-tape Parade Held (1886)

It’s one of those days.  A day when no great conservationist was born and no noteworthy conservation event occurred (if you know of one, tell me).  But something interesting did happen—the first of the huge purposefully littering events known as “Ticker Tape Parades.”

October 28, 1886, was a big day in New York City.  President Grover Cleveland was present to dedicate the Statue of Liberty.  The 151-foot-tall copper statue was a gift from the people of France, erected on a 154-foot base on an island in New York Harbor.  Lady Liberty has remained a dominant icon of freedom and democracy; Emma Lazausus’s poem “The New Colossus” is engraved on a plaque on the statue’s base, and the final lines ring true to the American personality:

“Give me your tired, your poor,

Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free,

The wretched refuse of your teeming shore.

Send these, the homeless, tempest-tost to me,

I lift my lamp beside the golden door!”

            When the parade following the statue’s dedication wound its way through New York’s financial district on Manhattan Island, observers from offices high above the street began a spontaneous response—they threw ticker-tape from their windows.  Ticker tape was the one-inch wide strip of paper that clicked continuously out of a ticker-tape machine, showing the instantaneous value of stocks being traded on the stock market.  The tape fed out of the machines and gathered in piles on the floor.  Onlookers decided that showering the parade with the paper strips would make a fitting tribute (no, I don’t know why).

A stock ticker-tape machine. Paper built up around the machines and was discarded–or used for a parade!

It seemed like such a good idea that New York City decided to institutionalize the practice.  Ticker-tape parades occur along Broadway, from the Battery at the southern tip of Manhattan up to City Hall.  That section of Broadway is also called the “Canyon of Heroes” for the honorees that have traveled the parade route.  Since 1886, a total of 206 ticker-tape parades have occurred, honoring the visits of dignitaries, from presidents to popes, and important events, from moon landings to sports championships.

And each has been accompanied by a littering of tons of paper.  Ticker tape itself was used until 1991, when electronic reporting of stock prices made the paper strips obsolete.  Since then, commercial confetti companies have provided the needed natural resource of mountains of tiny bits of paper.

Just how much litter occurs from a parade?  A recent estimate is that a typical parade drops about 120 cubic yards of paper on the street, about the volume of the Statue of Liberty and its base combined.  Since a cubic yard of paper weighs about a ton, that’s also about 120 tons of paper.  And since it takes about 12 trees to make a ton of paper, the average parade requires about 1500 trees.  The record, however, during the heyday of ticker-tape parades, occurred during the parade celebrating the end of World War II in 1945—that day more than 5,000 tons of paper floated down on Manhattan!

Ticker-tape parade for presidential candidate Richard Nixon in November, 1960 (photo by Toni Frissell)

The clean-up is just as massive.  More than 100 sanitation workers spend about three weeks cleaning up the mess, which continues to rain down from residue stuck on balconies and building ledges.  The parade honoring the U.S. Women’s Soccer Team after their 2015 World Cup win (and the only parade ever to honor a women’s sports team) cost about $2 million, about two-thirds paid from public funds.

So now, when you read the slogan that “every litter bit hurts,” you know how much!

References:

Elsinger, Dale W.  2012.  Super Bowl Parade 2012:  What’s the Environmental Impact of Ticker Tape?  International Business Times, 2/07/12.  Available at:  https://www.ibtimes.com/super-bowl-parade-2012-whats-environmental-impact-ticker-tape-214007.  Accessed October 23, 2018.

Glass, Andrew.  2008.  Statue of Liberty Dedicated Oct. 28, 1886.  Politico, 10/28/2008.  Available at:  https://www.politico.com/story/2008/10/statue-of-liberty-dedicated-oct-28-1886-014989.  Accessed October 23, 2018.

Hunter, Walt.  2018.  The Story Behind the Poem on the Statue of Liberty.  The Atlantic, Jan 16, 2018.  Available at:  https://www.theatlantic.com/entertainment/archive/2018/01/the-story-behind-the-poem-on-the-statue-of-liberty/550553/.  Accessed October 23, 2018.

Smith, Emily and Evelyn Andrews.  2015.  By the number:  Ticker tape parades.  CNN, July 9, 2015.  Available at:  https://www.cnn.com/2015/07/09/us/ticker-tape-parades-by-the-numbers/index.html.  Accessed October 23, 2018.

This Month in Conservation

March 1
Yellowstone National Park Established (1872)
March 2
Theodore Geisel, or Dr. Seuss, Born (1904)
March 3
World Wildlife Day and Creation of CITES (1973)
March 4
Hot Springs National Park Established (1921)
March 5
Lynn Margulis, Evolutionary Biologist, Born (1938)
March 6
Martha Burton Williamson, Pioneering Malacologist, Born (1843)
March 7
Luther Burbank Born (1849)
March 8
Everett Horton Patents the Telescoping Fishing Rod (1887)
March 9
The Turbot War Begins (1995)
March 10
Cape Lookout National Seashore Established (1966)
March 11
Save the Redwoods League Founded (1918)
March 12
Charles Young, First African-American National Park Superintendent, Born (1864)
March 12
Girl Scouts Founded (1912)
March 13
National Elephant Day, Thailand
March 14
First National Wildlife Refuge Created (1903)
March 15
Harold L. Ickes, Secretary of the Interior, Born (1874)
March 16
Amoco Cadiz Runs Aground (1978)
March 17
St. Patrick and Ireland’s Snakes
March 18
Nation’s First Wildlife Refuge Created (1870)
March 19
When the Swallows Return to Capistrano
March 20
“Our Common Future” Published (1987)
March 21
International Day of Forests
March 22
World Water Day
March 23
Sitka National Historical Park Created (1910)
March 24
John Wesley Powell, Western Explorer, Born (1834)
March 25
Norman Borlaug, Father of the Green Revolution, Born (1914)
March 26
Marjorie Harris Carr, Pioneering Florida Conservationist, Born (1915)
March 27
Trans-Alaska Pipeline Begun (1975)
March 28
Joseph Bazalgette, London’s Sewer King, Born (1819)
March 29
Niagara Falls Stops Flowing (1848)
March 30
The United States Buys Alaska (1867)
March 31
Al Gore, Environmental Activist and U.S. Vice President, Born (1948)
January February March April May June July August September October November December