August 22 — Loch Ness Monster first seen (565)

Although the Loch Ness monster has been a mythological legend throughout time, the first recorded observation of the creature occurred on August 22, 565.  On that date St. Columba, an Irish priest traveling through Scotland, is said to have confronted the beast as it attempted to eat one of his colleagues. St. Columba raised his […]

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August 20 — The Great Fire (1910)

Raging forest fires have become a regular news item in the summers of recent years, but no fire has ever come close to the fire that burned in Idaho during the summer of 1910.  Known as the Big Blow and the Great Fire, it started on the night of August 20. The year had begun […]

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August 19 — Cickamauga and Chattanooga Battlefield established

The first military battlefield protected by the U.S. government was the Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Memorial Park, established on August 19, 1890.  The park preserves various locations in and around Chattanooga, Tennessee, that comprised an important Civil War confrontation during the second half of1863. The park pre-dated all other battlefield parks, including Gettysburg (established five […]

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August 18 — Margaret Murie born (1902)

Margaret “Mardy” Murie, known widely as the “Grandmother of Conservation,” was born on August 18, 1902 (died 2003).  Along with her husband, Olaus Murie, she spent a lifetime—a 101-year lifetime—in the service of wilderness preservation. Margaret Elizabeth Thomas was born in Seattle, but moved to Fairbanks, Alaska, as a girl.  She became the first woman […]

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August 17 — Cape Hatteras National Seashore created (1937)

On August 17, 1937, President Franklin Roosevelt signed into law an act that established the Cape Hatteras National Seashore.  Although created by this law, the park did not actually come into existence until the mid-1950s, when enough land had been acquired to merit the area’s designation as a functioning National Park Service facility. Cape Hatteras […]

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August 16 — E. F. Schumacher born (1911)

Ernst Friedrich Schumacher, author of the renowned environmental book, Small is Beautiful, was born on August 16, 1911 (died 1977).  Schumacher was born in Germany, but immigrated to England before World War II to avoid the scourge of Nazism in his homeland.  He lived in England throughout his life and became a British citizen in […]

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August 15 — Sponge Act passed (1914)

The United States passed into law the “New Sponge-Mining Act” on August 15, 1914.  This act replaced and repealed a prior act of the same type, passed on June 20, 1906.  The 1906 law was the first expression of the authority of the United States government to regulate commercial fishing. The Sponge Act, as it […]

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August 4 — Liang Congjie born (1932)

The man considered the founder of the environmental movement in Chica, Liang Congjie, was born August 4, 1932 (died 2010).  Liang was an historian who took the lead, with three others, to form the first recognized environmental non-governmental organization in China in 1994, called “Friends of Nature.” Liang came from a family long associated with […]

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