A Tribute to the Endangered Species Act

I’ve searched the internet from stem to stern, consulted all my reference sources—and I can find nothing of calendar-worthy significance that has occurred on April 8.  I can’t even find anything remotely amusing that I can try to connect to conservation.  But in looking just a little farther, I found something perhaps minor, but also perhaps eminently deserving of note for April 8.

            On April 8 of four recent years—1980, 1987, 2003 and 2004—five species were added to the U.S. Endangered Species List.  A database for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service tabulates all the species on the list, by the year in which each was added.  Look at any particular year’s table, and you can see the date when each ofl the species for that year was added.  It’s a tedious process, looking through 42 years worth of entries, but it can be done.

Kern primrose sphinx moth (photo by H. Vannoy Davis, USFWS)

            And April 8 has five hits.  The Kern primose sphinx moth was added in 1980.  It lives in only a few locations in one county of California’s Central Valley, threatened by massive land-use changes and pesticide use in agricultural fields.  The Waccamaw silverside is a small minnow (is that redundant?) added to the list in 1987.  It lives in just one lake in far southeastern North Carolina.  It is very abundant in the lake, but found nowhere else on earth.

Waccamaw silverside (photo by NC Wildlife Resources Commission)

            Three plant species completed the April 8 entries.  The Scotts Valley polygonum was added in 2003.  It is a tiny plant, only a few inches tall, that grows in one place, Scotts Valley of Santa Cruz County, California.  It is being squeezed out of its habitat by human development.  The other two plants, both listed in 2004, live on the Northern Marianna Islands, a U.S. territory in the South Pacific.  They are so rare that they don’t even have common names.  They are threatened, once again, by human development, but also by typhoons that can wipe out the species instantaneously—and which are becoming more frequent.

Scotts Valley polygonum (photo by Mary Ann Showers, California Dept. Fish and Wildlife)

            None of these species is particularly noteworthy.  None would fit into the category of “charismatic megafauna” (or flora, as the case may be).  Few people have probably even heard of them, other than those that live near their habitats and have been impacted by their listing.  Or those few entomologists, ichthyologists and botanists who study them for a living.

            But that is also what makes them so spectacularly noteworthy.  No, not necessarily the species themselves (yes, I fully understand that every species is valuable), but the law that protects them.  The U.S. Endangered Species Act protects our biodiversity whether or not the particular biodiversity subject is big, bold and beautiful.  “The List,” maintained by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and NOAA Fisheries, contains 1663 domestic species.  The vast majority of those are just like the five that made it to the list on various April 8s..  They are inconspicuous and found in limited locations.  They don’t make news, the Supreme Court doesn’t rule on their status, hardly anyone takes notice.

            Our laws do, however, at both federal and state levels.  A bunch of smart and dedicated public servants keep us honest when it comes to our biodiversity.  In the 1970s, politicians passed the laws that now protect us—wise politicians who voted their consciences, not their party loyalties, to make the right things happen.  Biologists in local, state and federal agencies work every day, at marginal salaries and subject to inane government shutdowns, to discover, list, recover and de-list these species. 

            So, on this insignificant date of April 8, let us remember, through the five species that we chose to protect on this date, that all endangered and threatened species deserve our protection.  And so do the laws and people who make that protection happen.  Five, not three, cheers for April 8!


California Department of Fish and Wildlife.  Scotts Valley Polygonum.  Available at:  https://www.wildlife.ca.gov/Conservation/Plants/Endangered/Polygonum-hickmanii.  Accessed April 3, 2019.

North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission.  Waccamaw Silverside.  Available at:  https://www.ncwildlife.org/Learning/Species/Fish/Waccamaw-Silverside#2527742-regulationspermits.  Accessed April 3, 2019.

USFWS.  U.S. Federal Endangered and Threatened Species by Calendar Year.  Available at:  https://ecos.fws.gov/ecp0/reports/species-listings-count-by-year-report.  Accessed April 3, 2019.

USFWS, Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office.  Kern Primrose Sphinx Moth.  Available at:  https://www.fws.gov/sacramento/es_species/Accounts/Invertebrates/kern_primrose_sphinx/.  Accessed April 3, 2019. US Federal Register.  2007. Recovery Plan for Two Plants From Rota (Nesogenes rotensis and Osmoxylon mariannense).  Available at:  https://www.federalregister.gov/documents/2007/05/03/07-2179/recovery-plan-for-two-plants-from-rota-nesogenes-rotensis-and-osmoxylon-mariannense.  Accessed April 3, 2019

This Month in Conservation

September 1
Martha, the last Passenger Pigeon, Died (1914)
September 2
President Roosevelt Dedicated Great Smoky National Park (1940)
September 3
Wilderness Act passed (1964)
September 4
Fort Bragg, Home of Red-cockaded Woodpeckers, Established (1918)
September 5
UNESCO Established First World Heritage Sites (1978)
September 6
Alcide d’Orbigny, French Naturalist, Born (1802)
September 7
Edward Birge, Father of Limnology, born (1851)
September 8
UN Millennium Declaration ratified (2000)
September 9
First “Bug” Found in Computer (1945)
September 10
Henry Hardtner, Father of Southern Forestry, Born (1870)
September 11
World Wildlife Fund Began Operations (1961)
September 12
Canyonlands National Park Established (1964)
September 13
Walter Reed born (1851)
September 14
Marc Reisner, Author of Cadillac Desert (1948)
September 15
Darwin reaches the Galapagos Islands (1835)
September 16
Ed Begley Jr., Environmental Advocate, born (1949)
September 17
Edgar Wayburn, Wilderness Advocate, Born (1906)
September 18
Grey Owl, Pioneering Conservationist in Canada, Born (1888)
September 19
Urmas Tartes, Estonian Nature Photographer, born (1963)
September 20
AAAS Founded (1848)
September 21
Assateague Island National Seashore Created (1965)
September 22
Peace Corps becomes law (1961)
September 23
Rose Selected as U.S. National Flower (1986)
September 24
President Kennedy Dedicated Pinchot Institute (1963)
September 25
Pope Francis Addressed the UN on the Environment (2015)
September 26
Johnny Appleseed Born (1774)
September 27
“Silent Spring” Published (1962)
September 28
National Public Lands Day
September 29
Steinhart Aquarium opens (1923)
September 30
Hoover Dam Dedicated (1935)
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