In Praise of Public Lands

In the U.S., we celebrate the fourth Saturday of September as National Public Lands Day.  It is a day designated for volunteers to come out to help spruce up their favorite places.  It has been a rousing success since it began in 1994; in the most recent year, more than 100,000 people put in half a million hours of free labor (learn more about National Public Lands Day here).

Of course, it is difficult to call it labor when we get to spend the day in nature, even if we are carrying a shovel or trash bag along with our binoculars.  In the U.S. especially, but around the world, we are blessed with lands that belong to all of us and are accessible to all of us.  This conservation calendar tells the story of 45 special places that were created on various dates of the year, along with many other events that relate to those special places.  

But several September dates hold special significance for public lands.  Perhaps the most consequential is September 5, when in 1978 the United Nations Education, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) designated the first set of World Heritage Sites.  On that date, the first dozen sites were selected, including two in the U.S.—Yellowstone and Mesa Verde National Parks.  From those first few, the World Heritage list has grown to nearly 1100 properties around the world chosen for either their natural or cultural heritage, or both (learn more about UNESCO here).

In the U.S., the Wilderness Act became law on September 3, 1964 (learn more here).  Although the idea of “wilderness” had been around for a long time (Aldo Leopold was the first to propose the idea), this law assured that much of the remaining undeveloped federal lands would be set aside for that purpose only—being undeveloped.  And one of the leaders in accomplishing the Wilderness Act, Edgar Wayburn, was born on September 17 (more about him here).

September also holds the birthdays for several individual areas that illustrate the length and breadth of our great public public lands.  In the West, Canyonlands National Parks was established on September 12, 1964 (learn more here).  And one year later and on the other side of the continent Assateague Island National Seashore was established (September 21, 1965) (learn more here).

The novelist Wallace Stegner perhaps said it best when he declared that our national parks were “America’s Best Idea.”  But truly, our great national parks are only one part of the range of public lands—from city parks to distant wilderness areas to marine sanctuaries, all these make our lives so much better.  On public lands day and every other day.

This Month in Conservation

June 1
US Announced Withdrawal from Paris Climate Agreement (2017)
June 2
Edwin Way Teale, Nature Writer, Born (1899)
June 2
Rodne Galicha, Philippine Environmentalist, Born (1979)
June 3
The World’s First Wilderness Area Established (1924)
June 4
Gaylord Nelson, Politician and Conservationist, Born (1916)
June 5
World Environment Day
June 6
Novarupta Volcano Erupted in Alaska (1912)
June 7
Thomas Malthus Published His Famous Essay (1798)
June 8
Bryce Canyon National Park Created (1923)
June 9
Coral Triangle Day
June 10
E. O. Wilson, Father of Biodiversity, Born (1929)
June 11
Jacques Cousteau, Ocean Explorer, Born (1910)
June 12
Frank Chapman, Creator of the Christmas Bird Count, Born (1864)
June 13
Ban Ki-moon, UN Secretary-General, Born (1944)
June 14
Bramble Cay Melomys Went Extinct (2016)
June 15
Global Wind Day
June 16
Gray Whale Delisted (1994)
June 17
World Day to Combat Desertification
June 18
Alexander Wetmore, Ornithologist and Smithsonian Leader, Born (1866)
June 19
Feast of the Forest, Palawan, Philippines
June 20
Great Barrier Reef Protected (1975)
June 21
World Hydrography Day
June 22
Cuyahoga River Burst into Flames (1969)
June 23
Antarctic Treaty Implemented (1961)
June 24
David McTaggart, Greenpeace Leader, Born (1932)
June 25
David Douglas, Pioneering Botanist, Born (1799)
June 26
United Nations Chartered (1945)
June 27
Tajik National Park Added to World Heritage List (2013)
June 28
Mark Shand, Asian Elephant Conservationist, Born (1951)
June 29
Mesa Verde National Park Created (1906)
June 30
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Created (1940)
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